A cramp can occur on any occasion. You could be asleep or in the middle of a run when it happens. The next thing you know the muscles suddenly become extremely painful, tight and hard. There are numerous ways how you can prevent and treat cramps. Caused by muscle spasms, cramps are involuntary contractions of one muscle or the entire group of muscles.
It’s common for all people, no matter the age and most of the time it just happens without any warning. Our body is a really complex organism and there are so many things that can trigger a muscle cramp. The most common triggers can be a pinched nerve or an injury, dehydration, muscle fatigue due to a constant workout and exhaustion, being active in hot temperatures, not enough stretching, too much exercising or poor blood circulation in your legs. Legs are the most exposed to cramps. Hydration is very important for our body and overall health.
One of the many signs of dehydration can be muscle cramps. People who tend to work out a lot are known to rapidly lose water from their bodies by sweating. They can easily replace the lost liquid by drinking water. When the body is constantly going through such an effort without a proper hydration, it can cause a person to have muscle cramps that are mostly present in the leg area.
Still, the best way to prevent any muscle cramps from happening is by doing regular stretching. Cramps can occur to a person that doesn’t work out at all and gets suddenly active. Since the muscles aren’t properly warmed up, they contract and cause muscle cramps. Stretching is absolutely recommended at all times. Staying flexible will spare you the trouble in the old age.
In the case of severe muscle cramps, a massage therapy could also help to ease the tension. Chloride, potassium, magnesium and sodium, also known as electrolytes are also crucial for avoiding muscle cramps. If there’s a deficiency of these electrolytes or an imbalance, the muscles will contract.